Damage and wear resistance of Al2O3-CNT nanocomposites fabricated by spark plasma sintering

Kee Sung Lee, Byung Koog Jang, Yoshio Sakka

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10 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we prepare Al2O3CNT (carbon nanotube) composites with different contents of CNT, 1-20 vol% into the Al 2O3 ceramics, for the purpose of improving damage and wear resistance. Al2O3CNT composites are obtained by spark plasma sintering in conditions of 1400-1600°C in vacuum and 30-80 MPa. Hardness evaluated by Vickers indentation shows that the hardness of Al 2O3-CNTcomposites can be enhanced when the CNTaddition is less than 5 vol%. Toughness evaluated by Vickers indentation indicates that the toughness of the composites is comparable with that of an Al2O 3 monolith. Hertzian indentations using a spherical indenter indicate the hard and elastic behavior of the composites by the addition of CNT. The wear rate and friction coefficients of the composites evaluated by the ball-on-disk method show that the composites represent low friction and reduced wear loss under constant contact load. The results indicate that the damage and wear resistance of Al2O3 ceramics can be enhanced by the addition of carbon nanotubes in optimum conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-872
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1418
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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