Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ribonucleoprotein complex involved in the processing of pre-tRNA. Protein Ph1877p is one of essential components of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 RNase P [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 306 (2003) 666]. The crystal structure of Ph1877p was determined at 1.8Å by X-ray crystallography and refined to a crystallographic R factor of 22.96% (Rfree of 26.77%). Ph1877p forms a TIM barrel structure, consisting of ten α-helices and seven β-strands, and has the closest similarity to the TIM barrel domain of Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase with a root-mean square deviation of 3.0Å. The protein Ph1877p forms an oblate ellipsoid, approximate dimensions being 45Å×43Å× 39Å, and the electrostatic representation indicated the presence of several clusters of positively charged amino acids present on the molecular surface. We made use of site-directed mutagenesis to assess the role of twelve charged amino acids, Lys42, Arg68, Arg87, Arg90, Asp98, Arg107, His114, Lys123, Lys158, Arg176, Asp180, and Lys196 related to the RNase P activity. Individual mutations of Arg90, Arg107, Lys123, Arg176, and Lys196 by Ala resulted in reconstituted particles with reduced enzymatic activities (32-48%) as compared with that reconstituted RNase P by wild-type Ph1877p. The results presented here provide an initial step for definite understanding of how archaeal and eukaryotic RNase Ps mediate substrate recognition and process 5 ′-leader sequence of pre-tRNA.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology