Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcomes of cryoablation for secondary renal cell carcinoma for patients with a history of nephrectomy for initial renal cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with 40 renal tumors who had undergone a nephrectomy for initial renal cell carcinoma and cryoablation for renal cell carcinoma as a secondary treatment during the period from April 2014 to December 2018 at a single center institution were enrolled. The patients' overall survival, local control, relapse-free survival, change of renal function, and complications were evaluated. The clinical factors of relapse-free survival were also evaluated. Results: The 5 year overall survival rate was 94.5%, the 5 year local control rate was 89.3%, and the 5 year relapse-free survival rate (RFSR) was 56.3%. There was an average reduction in renal function of 8.5% after 1 year, and > grade 3 complications occurred in only one case. The RFSR in the patients whose initial stage was T3 was 0%, significantly lower than the 70.4% RFSR in the patients whose initial stage was T1 or T2. Conclusion: Cryoablation for secondary renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy was safe and provided good local control with preserved renal function. However, the indications for cryoablation should be carefully considered for patients with T3-stage initial renal cell carcinoma, because of the high risk of relapse.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine