In our research, the preparation processes of Pd nanoparticles (Pd NPs) with different methods by adding a certain amount of silver nitrate, iron chloride or sodium iodide are presented in order to control their size and morphology. Various sizes and shapes of Pd NPs are observed by alcohol reduction. The results show the size and morphology control of Pd NPs with chemical reductions of Pd salts by ethanol and ethylene glycol (EG) that have very different reduction processes. The modified polyol method with the gradual addition of Pd and polyvinylpyrollidone precursors in EG at 160°C has led to control their size and morphology in the 10 nm range using 0.02 M AgNO3. It is observed that the Pd nanorod is also formed. The main factors that will control the shapes of Pd NPs have been presented to explain their growth and formation mechanisms in a control process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- General Materials Science