Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S1 is composed of six repeating homologous oligonucleotide/oligosaccharide-binding fold (OB folds). In trans-translation, S1 plays a role in delivering transfer-messenger RNA (tmRNA) to stalled ribosomes. The second OB fold of S1 was found to be protected from tryptic digestion in the presence of tmRNA. Truncated S1 mutant Δ2, in which the first and second OB folds were deleted, showed significantly decreased tmRNA-binding activity. Furthermore, the E. coli S1 homolog (BS1) from Bacillus subtilis, which corresponds to the four C-terminal OB folds of E. coli S1, showed no interaction with E. coli tmRNA, as judged by the results of a gel shift assay. Surface plasmon resonance analysis revealed that mutant Δ2 and BS1 had decreased association rate constants (ka, 0.59 × 10 3M-1·S-1; and ka, 1.89 × 10 3M-1·S-1), while they retained the respective dissociation rate constants (kd, 0.67 × 10-3 S -1; and kd, 0.53 × 10-3 S-1), in comparison with wild-type protein S1 (ka, 3.32 × 103 M -1·S-1; and kd, 0.56 × 10-3 S -1). These results suggest that the second OB fold in protein S1 is essential for the recognition of tmRNA, while the four C-terminal OB folds play a role in stabilizing the S1-tmRNA complex.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry