Contribution of polymorphisms in UDP-glucuronosyltransferase and CYP2D6 to the individual variation in disposition of carvedilol

Yoh Takekuma, Toru Takenaka, Masami Kiyokawa, Koujiro Yamazaki, Hiroshi Okamoto, Akira Kitabatake, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Mitsuru Sugawara

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35 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose. It has been reported that carvedilol, which has beta-adrenergic blocking and vasodilating activities, is mainly metabolized by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1, UGT2B4, UGT2B7 and CYP2D6. The aim of this study was to determine whether the activity of glucuronidation has an influence on the area under the curve (AUC) of carvedilol and whether polymorphisms in UGTs and CYP2D6 contribute to individual variation in disposition of carvedilol in Japanese. Methods. Plasma concentrations of carvedilol and its glucuronide were determined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Genotyping of UGT1A1, UGT2B4 and UGT2B7 genes was carried out by the direct sequence method. CYP2D6 genotyping was carried out using an amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) assay and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Results. The level of carvedilol glucuronidation ability in the high-level AUC group was significantly lower than that in the low-level group. The frequencies of UGT1A1*6, UGT2B7*3 and CYP2D6*10 in the low level ability of glucuronidation group were significantly higher than those in the high level group, and the same tendency was found in the frequency of CYP2D6*5, though there was no significant difference. Conclusion. Polymorphisms of UGT1A1, UGT2B7 and CYP2D6 strongly affect the pharmacokinetics and disposition of carvedilol in Japanese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-112
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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