Continuous grain refinement using severe torsion straining process

Katsuaki Nakamura, Koji Neishi, Kenji Kaneko, Michihiko Nakagaki, Zenji Horita

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    This study presents a new rapid continuous process for grain refinement in metallic materials through severe plastic deformation (SPD). The new process, designated in this study the severe torsion straining process (STSP), is applicable to a wide range of alloys based on aluminum, magnesium and copper including carbon steel. This process consists of producing a local heated zone in a rod and cooling both sides of the heated zone by spray water while rotating one end with the other. Thus, torsion strain is introduced in the local heated zone. The STSP can be continuous because the straining is achieved while the rod is shifted along the longitudinal axis of die rod. Furthermore, the process requires no die, suggesting a potential for commercialization of grain refinement through SPD. In this study, STSP was applied to an Al-Mg alloy and a Mg-Al-Zn alloy. It is shown that STSP is effective for both alloys so that the grain size is reduced to ∼1.5 μm for the Al alloy and ∼0.9 μm for the Mg alloy. Tensile testing showed that the strength is increased with a minimal decrease in uniform elongation. There is a critical ratio between rotation speed and moving speed, which defines the feasibility of STSP operation without breaking the rod. The grain size tends to be lowered as the ratio is close to the critical value.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation
    PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)0878499857, 9780878499854
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    Event3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Fukuoka, Japan
    Duration: Sept 22 2005Sept 26 2005

    Publication series

    NameMaterials Science Forum
    ISSN (Print)0255-5476
    ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752


    Other3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Materials Science
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


    Dive into the research topics of 'Continuous grain refinement using severe torsion straining process'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this