This article proposes a distributed consensus-based demand response control for permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)-based wind turbines using standalone distributed battery energy storage systems (BESSs). The proposed controller cooperatively regulates the output power of individual wind turbines and BESSs in a wind farm to deliver active and reactive powers to the load in varying wind speed conditions. Capability curves of the wind turbines and BESSs are considered in the design. In addition, a virtual leader is designed to regulate the voltage and frequency of the combined PMSG-BESS units at the point of common coupling. Simulations on modified IEEE 14-bus power system are performed to validate the proposed design.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment