Conformity and precision of CO2 densimetry in CO2 inclusions: Microthermometry versus Raman microspectroscopic densimetry

Tomoyuki Kobayashi, Junji Yamamoto, Takao Hirajima, Hidemi Ishibashi, Naoto Hirano, Yong Lai, Vladimir S. Prikhod'Ko, Shoji Arai

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23 Citations (Scopus)


To assess the ability of densimetry for CO2 fluid in CO 2 inclusions, we compare two methods, microthermometry and Raman microspectroscopic densimetry for CO2. The comparative experiment was performed for nine CO2 inclusions in three mantle xenoliths. The results are as follows: (1) microthermometry precisely determines CO2 density with the range of 0.65 to 1.18 g/cm3 compared with Raman microspectroscopic densimetry; (2) CO2 density obtained by Raman microspectroscopic densimetry is fairly consistent with that by microthermometry; (3) it is hard to determine CO2 density in CO 2 inclusion with diameter of less than around 3 μm using microthermometry; and (4) microthermometry can be applied only to the CO 2 inclusion whose CO2 density ranges from around 0.65 to 1.18 g/cm3, whereas the Raman microspectroscopic densimetry is applicable to CO2 density ranging from 0.1 to 1.24 g/cm3. The above features carry the potential for estimation of depth origin of mantle-derived rocks. The depth where the rocks were trapped by host magma can be estimated using both geothermometric data and CO2 fluid density in CO2 inclusions in the rocks. Typical precisions of density of CO2 in CO2 inclusions obtained by the Raman microspectroscopic densimetry (∼0.01 g/cm3) and by the microthermometry (< 0.001 g/cm3) correspond to uncertainties in the depth origin of 2.4 km and < 1.7 km, respectively, at 1000 ± 50 °C. In case of the mantle under 750-1250 °C and 1 GPa, the CO 2 fluid has a density ranging from 1.06 g/cm3 to 1.21 g/cm3, which are well measured by the Raman microspectroscopic densimetry. Combination of both densimetries for CO2 in mantle minerals elucidates the deep structure of the Earth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1126-1133
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Raman Spectroscopy
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Spectroscopy


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