Computational Model Exploring Characteristic Pattern Regulation in Periventricular Vessels

Hisako Takigawa-Imamura, Saito Hirano, Chisato Watanabe, Chiaki Ohtaka-Maruyama, Masatsugu Ema, Ken Ichi Mizutani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The developing neocortical vasculature exhibits a distinctive pattern in each layer. In murine embryos, vessels in the cortical plate (CP) are vertically oriented, whereas those in the intermediate zone (IZ) and the subventricular zone (SVZ) form a honeycomb structure. The formation of tissue-specific vessels suggests that the behavior of endothelial cells is under a specific regulatory regime in each layer, although the mechanisms involved remain unknown. In the present study, we aimed to explore the conditions required to form these vessel patterns by conducting simulations using a computational model. We developed a novel model framework describing the collective migration of endothelial cells to represent the angiogenic process and performed a simulation using two-dimensional approximation. The attractive and repulsive guidance of tip cells was incorporated into the model based on the function and distribution of guidance molecules such as VEGF and Unc ligands. It is shown that an appropriate combination of guidance effects reproduces both the parallel straight pattern in the CP and meshwork patterns in the IZ/SVZ. Our model demonstrated how the guidance of the tip cell causes a variety of vessel patterns and predicted how tissue-specific vascular formation was regulated in the early development of neocortical vessels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2069
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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