The complete amino acid sequences of tulip bulb chitinase-1 and -2 (TBC-1 and -2) were determined. The sequences of the TBC-1 and TBC-2 were solved by analysis of peptides derived by enzymatic digestions as well as by chemical cleavages with cyanogen bromide (CNBr), o-iodosobenzoic acid, and hydroxylamine. TBC-1 and TBC-2 both consisted of 275 amino acid residues and had molecular masses of 30,825 and 30,863, respectively. They shared 247 identical residues, that is 90% identity. Comparison of their sequences with that of gladiolus bulb class IIIb chitinase-a (GBC-a) showed that 63% of the residues of both TBC-1 and TBC-2 are identical to that of GBC-a. From these results, it was seen that TBC-1 and -2 are class IIIb chitinases. The characteristic difference in specific activity between TBC-1 and -2 was also discussed on the basis of their amino acid sequences.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry