Comparative studies of the effects of a series of polycrystalline donors on the performance of 95 wt.%-C70-based bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) photovoltaics were conducted. A BHJ based on the wide band-gap molecule dinaphthothienothiophene (DNTT) shows power conversion efficiency (ηPCE) of up to 4.28%. The photovoltaic parameters are superior to those of devices using the similar molecule pentacene (PEN) or polycrystalline copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) for donor concentrations from 5 to 30 wt.%. The low-lying DNTT ionization potential and the high μh in the DNTT blend support the excellent DNTT device performance. The low performance of BHJs with 5 wt.% PEN and 5 wt.% CuPc may stem from strong exciplex recombination in the PEN:C70 blend and limited hole mobility combined with geminate polaron-pair recombination in the CuPc:C70 blend. The zero-field hole mobility of the blends with 5 wt.% donor has a positive correlation with the corresponding device performance. The ηPCE of a 5 wt.%-DNTT BHJ cell was improved to 4.92% by optimizing the cathode buffer layer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering