The internal Mg diffusion (IMD) process produces a MgB2 layer with higher density than that achieved with the traditional Powder-in-tube (PIT) method; this makes the IMD process an attractive one for the fabrication of superconducting MgB2 wires with higher critical current densities (Jc). We have recently shown that co-addition of SiC and some liquid aromatic hydrocarbons (toluene and dimethylbenzene) can enhance the J c of IMD-processed mono-core MgB2 wires. In the present contribution, we discuss the Jc of the IMD-processed mono-core MgB2 wires fabricated under different conditions, viz. with pure B powder, B powder with additive-like SiC or toluene, and B powder with SiC + toluene co-addition. The results from these samples indicated that the SiC + toluene co-addition gave the best Jc value, as in the previous results. The composition and microstructure suggested that carbon substitution for boron and reductions of grain size by SiC and/or toluene additives are responsible for the Jc enhancements of IMD-processed MgB2 wires.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering