Background Venous thromboembolism is the most common preventable cause of hospital death. The objective of this study was to clarify risk factors for postoperative bleeding related to thromboprophylaxis after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. Methods The study was conducted at 23 Japanese institutions and included patients with colorectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic or open surgery followed by fondaparinux treatment. We performed a retrospective analysis from a prospectively maintained database. We used multivariate analyses to evaluate clinical risk factors for prophylaxis-related bleeding events. Results After multivariate analysis, male gender, intraoperative blood loss of less than 25 mL, and a preoperative platelet count below 15 × 104/μL were found to be independent risk factors in the laparoscopic surgery group. Only the preoperative platelet count was an independent risk factor in the open surgery group. Conclusions Different prophylactic treatments for postoperative venous thromboembolism may be necessary in laparoscopic vs open surgery for colorectal cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes