Comparison of Autologous and Unrelated Transplants for Cytogenetically Normal Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Motonori Mizutani, Akiyoshi Takami, Masahiko Hara, Shohei Mizuno, Masamitsu Yanada, Takaaki Chou, Hitoji Uchiyama, Kazuteru Ohashi, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Yukiyasu Ozawa, Osamu Imataki, Naoki Kobayashi, Naoyuki Uchida, Heiwa Kanamori, Tomohiko Kamimura, Tetsuya Eto, Makoto Onizuka, Junji Tanaka, Yoshiko Atsuta, Shingo Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) from an HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD) is a postremission treatment that offers a potential cure for adults with cytogenetically normal (CN) acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1). The best alternative in the absence of an MSD remains unclear, however. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the outcomes of autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (auto-PBSCT; n = 177) and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD; n = 173) in adult patients with CN-AML/CR1. Both the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71 to 1.97; P =.53) and propensity score models (HR, 1.40; 95% CI, 0.80 to 2.43; P =.24) indicated that the leukemia-free survival (LFS) rate of auto-PBSCT was not significantly different from that of MUD-BMT. These results suggest that in the absence of an available MSD, auto-PBSCT remains a viable alternative as postremission therapy in patients with CN-AML/CR1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1447-1454
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation


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