Comparative structure of two duplicated T1a class I genes (T10c and 37) of the murine H-2d MHC: Implications on the evolution of the T1a region

Kei Ichi Nakayama, Satoki Tokito, Christian Jaulin, Christiane Delarbre, Philippe Kourilsky, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Gabriel Gachelin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The class I Ag encoded in the Qa/T1a regions of the marine MHC are much less polymorphic, and usually have a more restricted tissue distribution than the classical histocompatibility class I Ag, encoded by genes located in the H-2K, D, and L loci. The isolation of a quasi-ubiquitously expressed, poorly polymorphic class I gene of the T1a region of the H-2d mouse MHC, namely gene 37 (or T18d), has been recently reported. We describe the nucleotide sequence of a closely related gene, T10c gene, the counterpart of the gene 37 in the large duplicated parts of T1a region of the BALB/c (H-2d) MHC. The T10c gene structure and sequence are very similar to those of gene 37, but T10c gene is most likely a pseudogene. In A/J mouse strain, there appears to be a single gene related to 37, which is also found expressed in a variety of tissues. We show that this gene is likely to be a chimeric one derived from T10c for its 3′ part, and from a gene closely related to gene 37 for its 5′ part, which potentially encodes for an unusual class I molecule composed of the first two domains. Finally, Southern blot analysis of a number of wild mice and related animals suggests that a gene closely related to the present T10c gene may be the ancestor of this subfamily of class I genes characterized by the presence of an unusual second domain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2400-2408
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume144
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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