Cold consolidation of ball-milled titanium powders using high-pressure torsion

Kaveh Edalati, Zenji Horita, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Kei Ameyama

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64 Citations (Scopus)


Pure Ti (99.5 pct) powders after processing with ball milling (BM) were consolidated to disc-shaped samples with 10-mm diameter and 0.8-mm thickness at room temperature using high-pressure torsion (HPT). A relative density as high as 99.9 pct, high bending and tensile strengths of 2.55 to 3.45 and 1.35 GPa, respectively, and a moderate ductility of 8 pct with an ultrafine grained structure are achieved after cold consolidation with HPT, which exceed those of hot consolidation methods. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that a phase transformation occurs from α phase to ω phase during HPT under a pressure of 6 GPa as in bulk pure Ti, whereas no phase transformation is detected after processing with BM alone. It was confirmed that the strength and ductility are improved by a combined application of BM and HPT when compared with other severe plastic deformation methods applied to Ti and Ti-6 pct Al-4 pct V, so that no alloying elements are required for the achievement of a comparable strength and ductility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3308-3317
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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