A new flavin, sodium 7,9,10,11-tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-7-methyl-9,11- dioxonaphtho[1,2-g]pteridine-3-sulphonate ('sodium 1′-hydroxy-10- methylbenzo[2′,3′-h]isoalloxazine-5′-sulphonate,' OHFI), which has a fused phenol within the molecular structure, has been synthesized. Measurement of absorption spectra revealed that in contrast to the non-affinity of conventional flavins for most heavy metal ions, OHFI can form complexes with several heavy metal ions in aqueous solution; in particular, CuII shows very strong affinity. It has been demonstrated through oxidation of 1-benzyl-3-carbamoyl-1,4-dihydroquinoline (BCQH), an acid-stable NADH model compound, that several metal ions (CuII, HgII, Mg II, etc.) can 'activate' OHFI as an oxidising agent; CuII shows the highest co-catalytic effect. Spectroscopic examination established that OHFI forms 1:1 complexes with CuII and NiII with K (association constant) 26 300 and 806 l mol-1, respectively. The OHFL-CuII complex in aqueous solution has been found to have square-bipyramidal co-ordination about copper from e.s.r. spectra. In methanol, many heavy metal ions could bind to OHFI and the rate constants for the oxidation of BCQH by OHFI·Mn+ complexes (Mn+ = ZnII, NiII, and CrIII) were enhanced by more than three orders of magnitude. These results suggest that the metal-OHFI complexes are not only useful as biomimetic oxidation catalysts but also may provide a clue to understanding metal-flavin interactions in metalloflavoproteins.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|
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