Background: By using array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), the increased copy number of CYP24 (which encodes vitamin D 24-hydroxylase) at 20q13.2 was previously reported, leading to the identification of CYP24 as a candidate oncogene in breast cancer. CYP24 leads to abrogate growth control mediated by vitamin D. Materials and methods: We examined CYP24 expression as well as VDR (vitamin D receptor) gene expression in 42 esophageal cancer cases using semi-quantitative RT-PCR assay. We induced CYP24 in seven esophageal cancer cell lines using 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH D3] and compared cell growth rate, measured using the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay system. Results: The overall survival rate was significantly higher in 25 cases of lower CYP24 expression than 17 cases of higher CYP24 expression (P <0.05); on the other hand, 23 cases of low VDR expression had a poorer prognosis than 19 cases of high VDR expression. Moreover, we disclosed that the inverse correlation between CYP24 and VDR expression is significant in esophageal cancer cases (P <0.05). Furthermore, the cell growth evaluated by MTT assay was greatly increased in CYP24-induced and VDR-diminished cells than non-responding cells by 25(OH)D3 activity (P <0.01). Conclusions: Overexpression of the candidate oncogene CYP24 is inversely correlated to vitamin D receptor expression, and may play an important role in determination of the malignant potential of esophageal cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes