Fever often occurs along with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. This condition is referred to as febrile neutropenia (FN). Excellent guidelines for FN treatment have recently been published; however, there has so far been insufficient research concerning FN associated with solid tumors, especially in Japan. A multi-institution prospective study of cefepime for the treatment of FN in lung cancer patients was conducted. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of cefepime for FN in lung cancer patients. Cefepime (2 g × 2/day) was administered to patients with FN after treatment for lung cancer. The therapeutic response rate, the effect of the drug on pathogen populations, and the incidence of adverse effects were statistically analyzed. Twenty-one patients with FN were registered for this study. One case was excluded because of protocol violation; therefore, a total of 20 cases were analyzed. Three days after the administration of cefepime, improvement was evident in 15 cases. The response rate was 75%, 95% CI: 53.1-88.8. After 7 days, 17 patients experienced improvement in their condition (85%, 95% CI: 64.0-94.8). Carbapenem was eventually substituted for cefepime in three cases, and all cases finally displayed improvement. There was no mortality. Pathogens for FN were detected in three cases and they disappeared in one case. Four patients experienced adverse side effects, including skin eruption, serum bilirubin elevation, neutrophil depletion, and anterior chest pain. There were no severe adverse events. In this study, cefepime demonstrated a high degree of clinical efficacy and safety in the treatment of FN. Empiric monotherapy using cefepime is a recommended regimen for FN in patients with lung cancer in Japan.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)