If a rectangular wave excitation current is used for eddy current testing (ECT) instead of a sinusoidal wave, multifrequency testing can be performed directly because rectangular waves contain a fundamental wave as well as harmonic waves. Furthermore, considering the skin effect, it is possible to determine whether the specimen has a corrosion flaw on the front surface, back surface, or flaws on both surfaces. In this study, we first evaluate a method to classify these flaws on non-magnetic metal plates using rectangular wave ECT (RECT) systems with a linear amplifier. Here, we present an indicator in which each harmonic amplitude is divided by its fundamental amplitude. The results indicate that the amount of attenuation of the indicator in relation to the frequency depends on the type of flaw; therefore, we can classify the type of flaw using the indicator. Subsequently, we developed a RECT system with an inverter and conducted the same experiment. The results indicate that the tendency is the same as that when using the RECT system with a linear amplifier, which contributes to high efficiency, low cost, and weight reduction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering