Charge state stabilization of shallow nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond by oxygen surface modification

Hayate Yamano, Sora Kawai, Kanami Kato, Taisuke Kageura, Masafumi Inaba, Takuma Okada, Itaru Higashimata, Moriyoshi Haruyama, Takashi Tanii, Keisuke Yamada, Shinobu Onoda, Wataru Kada, Osamu Hanaizumi, Tokuyuki Teraji, Junichi Isoya, Hiroshi Kawarada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the charge state stability and coherence properties of near-surface single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in 12C-enriched diamond for potential use in nanoscale magnetic field sensing applications. The stability of charge states in negatively charged NV centers (NV-) was evaluated using one of the pulsed optically detected magnetic resonance measurements, Rabi oscillation measurements. During the accumulation of Rabi oscillations, an unstable shallow NV- was converted to a neutral state. As a result, the contrast of Rabi oscillations degraded, depending on charge state stability. We stabilized the NV- state of very shallow NV centers (∼2.6 ± 1.1nm from the surface) created by 1.2 keV nitrogen ion implantation by diamond surface modification, UV/ozone exposure, and oxygen annealing. This improvement indicates that we can suppress the upward surface band bending and surface potential fluctuations through Fermi level pinning originating from oxygen-terminated diamond surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04CK08
JournalJapanese journal of applied physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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