Characterization of the dominant molecular step orientations on hydroxyapatite (100) surfaces

Ki Young Kwon, Eddie Wang, Neil Chang, Seung Wuk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Hydroxyapatite (HAP) is the major inorganic component of bones and teeth. The characterization of HAP surfaces on the molecular level is important for achieving a fundamenatal understanding of bone remodeling and dental caries processes. On the microscopic level, hydroxyapatite growth and dissolution reactions mainly occur at steps. Therefore, this study focuses on individual molecular steps on HAP (100) facets under both static conditions and dynamic dissolution conditions using atomic force microscopy (AFM). We found that molecular steps parallel to the elongated axes of HAP crystals and those angled approximately 54° against the elongated axis are not only energetically favorable but also kinetically dominant under dissolution conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7205-7208
Number of pages4
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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