Time-resolved in situ tomography of dendritic growth in Fe-0.45 mass% C carbon steel was performed using synchrotron radiation X-rays at SPring-8 synchrotron radiation facility (Japan) with improvement of the image quality using a physics-based filter. The voxel size of the reconstructed image was approximately 6.5 μm × 6.5 μm × 6.5 μm, and the time resolution (duration of 360° rotation) was 4 s (0.25 rps). Three-dimensional images of the dendrites were reconstructed even without image processing; however, the low contrast resolution in Fe-C alloys led to poor image quality. Consequently, it was impossible to precisely track the solid/liquid interface or evaluate the average curvature. To improve the image quality, a physics-based filter (a PF filter) was developed using a phase-field model. In the PF filter, images were retrieved in terms of interface curvature. The PF filter significantly improved the computed tomography image quality. As a result, dendritic growth was clearly observed even in Fe-C alloys. Moreover, the average curvature of the solid/liquid interface was evaluated as a function of solidification time (solid fraction). The ability to systematically characterize growing dendrites will be beneficial for modeling and simulation of solidification phenomena.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 17 2019|
|Event||Joint 5th International Conference on Advances in Solidification Processes, ICASP 2019 and 5th International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining, CSSCR 2019 - Salzburg, Austria|
Duration: Jun 17 2019 → Jun 21 2019
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)