An effective condition of graft polymerization of acrylonitrile onto cellulose fiber in large volume of KMnO4/citric acid aqueous solution was examined and the produced grafted copolymers were characterized by using SEM, NMR, FTIR, XRD, TGA, and DSC in comparison with component homopolymers. Graft yield, GY, obtained by simple weighting method was close to the value obtained by NMR analysis. Significant change of chemical structure in cellulose fiber, other than graft reaction, was not detected by NMR and FTIR measurements, whereas a decrease in the degree of crystallinity by the reaction was detected by XRD measurement. It was pointed out that thermograms for grafted samples resembles with that of cellulose at T < 370°C and become similar with that for polyacrylonitrile at T > 370°C and the mass of residue at 550°C is proportional to the content of polyacrylonitrile (GY) only. It is concluded that thermal decomposition of both polymers occurs almost independently in grafted polymers and thermal stability of cellulose fiber is not improved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry