Characterization and optimization of pore structure and water adsorption capacity in pinecone-derived activated carbon by steam activation

Hao Yu, František Mikšík, Kyaw Thu, Takahiko Miyazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activated carbon, due to its notable porosity and cost-effectiveness, emerges as a promising desiccant material. This research delves into the utilization of pinecones as a precursor for the production of activated carbon through steam activation. The resultant activated carbon samples presented a porous structure and exhibited a high water adsorption capacity, with the highest adsorption capacity reaching 0.35 kg/kg, placing it in competition with commercial silica gel. Various experimental parameters were systematically manipulated during the production process to optimize both the pore structure and water adsorption capacity of the activated carbon samples. Elevating the carbonization temperature from 700 °C to 900 °C proved effective in enhancing pore distribution and elevating water adsorption capacity. Furthermore, higher activation temperatures contributed to the formation of additional mesopores and macropores, possibly attributable to micropore enlargement through steam activation. Nevertheless, these elevated activation temperatures resulted in an undesired increment in mesopores concerning water adsorption. The extension of activation time led to increased micropore formation, albeit with concurrent disruption, culminating in heightened total pore volume and surface area. This extension shifted the water adsorption-desorption isotherm to higher relative pressure ranges, accompanied by a larger hysteresis loop. Moreover, an increased steam mass flow rate was found to enhance the pore structure and water adsorption capacity of the activated carbon. The activated carbons exhibited sigmoid-shaped isotherms, signifying their suitability for both open-cycle and closed-cycle adsorption systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119084
JournalPowder Technology
Volume431
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering

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