Characteristics of energy transfer of Pi 2 magnetic pulsations: Latitudinal dependence

T. Uozumi, K. Yumoto, H. Kawano, A. Yoshikawa, J. V. Olson, S. I. Solovyev, E. F. Vershinin

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To investigate the generation and propagation mechanisms of Pi 2 magnetic pulsations, we have analyzed magnetic field data from the 210° magnetic meridian (MM) stations. We used 50 Pi 2 events that were simultaneously observed at seven stations along the 210° MM during January 1995, and focused our analysis on associated magnetic energy, ((ΔH)2+(ΔD)2)/μ0. The times when the amplitude of the magnetic energy attained the maximum (T(max)) were compared among these stations. We found that T(max) has a latitudinal dependence, especially at higher latitudes, which has not been previously reported. At Kotel'nyy (L=8.50) on the poleward side of the auroral region, T(max) occurred an average of 21 seconds earlier than T(max) at Guam (L=1.01), and often as much as one minute earlier. The existence of latitudinal variation has implications for interpretation of issues related to timing of substorm onset; it is necessary to consider the global features of Pi 2 events in the study of auroral and magnetospheric substorms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1619-1622
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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