Characteristic of the Disturbed Days Ionospheric Current System in the 180-Degree Magnetic Meridian

Siti Nurbaiti Ibrahim, Mohammad Huzaimy Jusoh, Ahmad Asari Sulaiman, Akimasa Yoshikawa, Zahira Mohd Radzi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The behavior of the ionospheric current during disturbed days using 10 geomagnetic observatories along 180-degree magnetic meridian was analysed. Separation of external and internal current during geomagnetic storm on 12 April until 15 April 2012 data was carried out using spherical harmonic analysis method. The contour of day to day variation of total current, external current and internal current were distinguished based on geomagnetic storm phase. These current then were correlate with the solar wind parameter, IMF Bz, and geomagnetic indices in order to identify their relationship. The results reveal that these current intensities were found higher during the initial phase. This due to the enhancement of the magnetic field during the initial phase caused by the increment of solar wind dynamic pressure and southward IMF Bz. Hence, the induced current identified in the internal current. This study demonstrated that the electric current induction can be obtained from the weak geomagnetic storm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012029
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2019
Event1st International Conference on Space Weather and Satellite Application 2018, ICeSSAT 2018 - Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: Aug 7 2018Aug 8 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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