Fast ionic conductors have considerable potential to enable technological development for energy storage and conversion. Hydride (H−) ions are a unique species because of their natural abundance, light mass, and large polarizability. Herein, we investigate characteristic H− conduction, i.e., fast ionic conduction controlled by a pre-exponential factor. Oxygen-doped LaH3 (LaH3−2xOx) has an optimum ionic conductivity of 2.6 × 10−2 S cm−1, which to the best of our knowledge is the highest H− conductivity reported to date at intermediate temperatures. With increasing oxygen content, the relatively high activation energy remains unchanged, whereas the pre-exponential factor decreases dramatically. This extraordinarily large pre-exponential factor is explained by introducing temperature-dependent enthalpy, derived from H− trapped by lanthanum ions bonded to oxygen ions. Consequently, light mass and large polarizability of H−, and the framework comprising densely packed H− in LaH3−2xOx are crucial factors that impose significant temperature dependence on the potential energy and implement characteristic fast H− conduction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
- General Physics and Astronomy