Lymphocytes, co-expressing CD4/Leu7 and CD8/Leu7 markers respectively, taken from two patients having large granular lymphocytosis taking an indolent clinical course have been comparatively studied for function as NK cells and T cells. Both large granular lymphocytes (LGLs) were acid phosphatase positive and showed a beta-glucuronidase reaction in their cytoplasmic granules. Studies on case 1 indicated that the CD4/Leu7 lymphocytosis with LGL morphology takes a benign clinical course with mild neutropenia as well as those of CD8/Leu7 LG lymphocytosis. Both CD4/Leu7 and CD8/Leu7 LGLs behave similarly in their lack of NK activity, and manifest decreased IL-2 production in vitro and show a low IL-2 receptor expression unrelated to their T cell phenotype, but behave differently in influencing the immunoglobulin production in vitro and the ADCC activity, depending on their T cell phenotype and on the expression of Fc receptor, respectively. Furthermore, the altered Fc receptors which were undetectable by the Leul 1 antibody but were still effective for ADCC activity might be present in case 2 LGLs.
|Number of pages
|Acta Haematologica Japonica
|Published - Sept 1989
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