Cbfβ2 controls differentiation of and confers homing capacity to prethymic progenitors

Mari Tenno, Satoshi Kojo, Divine Fondzenyuy Lawir, Isabell Hess, Katsuyuki Shiroguchi, Takashi Ebihara, Takaho A. Endo, Sawako Muroi, Rumi Satoh, Hiroshi Kawamoto, Thomas Boehm, Ichiro Taniuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Multipotent hematopoietic progenitors must acquire thymus-homing capacity to initiate T lymphocyte development. Despite its importance, the transcriptional program underlying this process remains elusive. Cbfβ forms transcription factor complexes with Runx proteins, and here we show that Cbfβ2, encoded by an RNA splice variant of the Cbfb gene, is essential for extrathymic differentiation of T cell progenitors. Furthermore, Cbfβ2 endows extrathymic progenitors with thymus-homing capacity by inducing expression of the principal thymus-homing receptor, Ccr9. This occurs via direct binding of Cbfβ2 to cell type-specific enhancers, as is observed in Rorγt induction during differentiation of lymphoid tissue inducer cells by activation of an intronic enhancer. As in mice, an alternative splicing event in zebrafish generates a Cbfβ2-specific mRNA, important for ccr9 expression. Thus, despite phylogenetically and ontogenetically variable sites of origin of T cell progenitors, their robust thymus-homing capacity is ensured by an evolutionarily conserved mechanism emerging from functional diversification of Runx transcription factor complexes by acquisition of a novel splice variant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-610
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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