FePO4 is an attractive rare-metal-free cathode active material. Simple and inexpensive new synthesis routes obtained from solution were investigated. P2O5 and Fe metal powders, both of which react in water at room temperature, were selected as inexpensive starting materials. Amorphous powders obtained through ball milling were annealed at various temperatures (100-650 °C) in air. IR spectra showed that PO 4 tetrahedra units existed even in the amorphous matrix. XRD peaks of the trigonal FePO4 phase appeared above 500 °C. Reversible Fe3+/Fe2+ redox reactions in the amorphous and crystalline FePO4 were confirmed by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The heating temperature dependence of the cathode properties is reported.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering