Purpose. Small-cell esophageal carcinoma (SCEC) is a rare disease for which standard therapy has not yet been established. We report the results of three cases of limited- stage SCEC treated with combination therapy using carboplatin (CBDCA) and etoposide (VP-16) and radiotherapy. Materials and methods. The clinical stage according to the Japanese Classifi cation of Esophageal Cancer 7th ed. was stage III in 2 cases and stage IVa in 1. These patients with limited-stage SCEC were treated at our institution with four cycles of CBDCA and VP-16, either concurrent with radiotherapy for the second two cycles (n = 2) or followed by radiotherapy after the last cycle (n = 1). Results. A complete response (CR) was obtained for all three patients, resulting in a response rate of 100%. Two patients are alive at 16.4 and 22.5 months after initial treatment. One patient died with myeloid leukemia at 43.5 months after initial treatment. None of the patients had loco-regional recurrence. Brain metastasis was detected in one patient at 7 months after initial therapy and was treated with stereotactic radiotherapy combined with whole brain irradiation. Conclusion. CBDCA and VP-16 in combination with radiotherapy should be considered an important treatment option for SCEC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging