The carbonization of coal-tar pitches and their QI (quinoline insoluble)-free fractions was studied by evaluating their lump cokes produced in a tube bomb at various temperatures (470 to 550° C) and pressures (0 to 75 kg cm-2 gauge). The lump coke from QI-free fractions had a comparable anisotropic development and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). The carbonization temperature and pressure were found to influence strongly the properties of the cokes. At the highest temperature of 550° C, the most appropriate pressure for the best needle coke was 15 kg cm-2 G (gauge). Either higher or lower pressure increased the CTE value of coke. In contrast, at a moderate temperature of 500° C, the higher pressure produced the better coke. At the lowest temperature of 470° C, it took 10 h to complete the carbonization, and the lowest pressure allowed the best extent of uniaxial arrangement. Among the cokes prepared under the present conditions, the Carbonization at 500° C under 40 kg cm-2 G produced the best needle coke with a CTE value as low as 0.1 × 10-6° C-1. The carbonization scheme leading into the needle coke is discussed for a better understanding of how the carbonization temperature and pressure cooperatively influence the quality of the resultant coke, in relation to the carbonization reactivity of coal-tar pitch.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering