Capability of jason-2 subwaveform retrackers for significant wave height in the calm semi-enclosed celebes sea

Kaoru Ichikawa, Xi Feng Wang, Hitoshi Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Satellite altimetry is a unique system that provides repeated observations of significant wave height (SWH) globally, but its measurements could be contaminated by lands, slicks, or calm water with smooth surface. In this study, capability of subwaveform retrackers against 20 Hz Jason-2 measurements is examined in the calm Celebes Sea. Distances between contamination sources and Jason-2 observation points can be determined using sequentially assembled adjacent waveforms (radargram). When no contamination sources are present within a Jason-2 footprint, subwaveform retrackers are in excellent agreement with the Sensor Geophysical Data Records (SGDR) MLE4 retracker that uses full-length waveforms, except that Adaptive Leading Edge Subwaveform (ALES) retracker has a positive bias in a calm sea state (SWH < 1 m), which is not unusual in the Celebes Sea. Meanwhile, when contamination sources exist within 4.5 km from Jason-2 observation points, SGDR occasionally estimates unrealistically large SWH values, although they could be partly eliminated by sigma0 filters. These datasets are then compared with WAVEWATCH III model, resulting in good agreement. The agreement becomes worse if swells from the Pacific is excluded in the model, suggesting constant presence of swells despite the semi-enclosed nature. In addition, outliers are found related with locally-confined SWH events, which could be inadequately represented in the model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3367
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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