The fusion protein RUNX1-ETO is an oncogenic transcription factor generated by t(8;21) chromosome translocation, which is found in FAB-M2-type acute myeloid leukemia (AML). RUNX1-ETO is known to dysregulate the normal RUNX1 transcriptional network, which should involve essential factors for the onset of AML with t(8;21). In this study, we screened for possible transcriptional targets of RUNX1 by reanalysis of public data in silico, and identified C11orf21 as a novel RUNX1 target gene because its expression was down-regulated in the presence of RUNX1-ETO. The expression level of C11orf21 was low in AML patient samples with t(8;21) and in Kasumi-1 cells, which carry RUNX1-ETO. Knockdown of RUNX1-ETO in Kasumi-1 cells restored C11orf21 expression, whereas overexpression of RUNX1 up-regulated C11orf21 expression. In addition, knockdown of RUNX1 in other human leukemia cells without RUNX-ETO, such as K562, led to a decrease in C11orf21 expression. Of note, the C11orf21 promoter sequence contains a consensus sequence for RUNX1 binding and it was activated by exogenously expressed RUNX1 based on our luciferase reporter assay. This luciferase signal was trans-dominantly suppressed by RUNX1-ETO and site-directed mutagenesis of the consensus site abrogated the reporter activity. This study demonstrated that C11orf21 is a novel transcriptional target of RUNX1 and RUNX1-ETO suppressed C11orf21 transcription in t(8;21) AML. Thus, through this in silico approach, we identified a novel transcriptional target of RUNX1, and the depletion of C11orf21, the target gene, may be associated with the onset of t(8;21) AML.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes