Bone Cements Utilised for the Reconstruction of Hard Tissue: Basic Understanding and Recent Topics

Kanji Tsuru, Yuki Sugiura, Kunio Ishikawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Various artificial bone substitutes such as hydroxyapatite, bone cement, and titanium or its alloys are used for reconstruction of hard tissues in the field of orthopaedic and oral maxillofacial surgeries. Among them, bone cement has paid much attention since it shows setting property that allows it to be injected by a syringe without incision. In the case of polymer-based cement consisting of acrylic polymer, it can be applied for fixation of metal implant or repair of vertebral fracture, which allows for prompt loading after surgery, whereas inorganic cements such as calcium phosphate, calcium sulphate, and calcium silicate are expected to bond directly to the surrounding tissues at the implanted site. This review focuses on acrylic polymer-based cement and calcium phosphate cements and also reveals a brief history, a composition, a setting mechanism, advantages and disadvantages, recent studies, and a future prospect of bone cements utilised for reconstruction of hard tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanobioceramics for Healthcare Applications
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9781786341341
ISBN (Print)9781786341334
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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