Biofabrication of a Hyaluronan/Bacterial Cellulose Composite Nanofibril by Secretion from Engineered Gluconacetobacter

Ryo Takahama, Honami Kato, Kenji Tajima, Satomi Tagawa, Tetsuo Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Naturally occurring polysaccharides, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and chitin, have roles in plant skeletons and/or related properties in living organisms. Their hierarchically regulated production systems show potential for designing nanocomposite fabrication using engineered microorganisms. This study has demonstrated that genetically engineered Gluconacetobacter hansenii (G. hansenii) individual cells can fabricate naturally composited nanofibrils by simultaneous production of hyaluronan (HA) and bacterial cellulose (BC). The cells were manipulated to contain hyaluronan synthase and UDP-glucose dehydrogenase genes, which are essential for HA biosynthesis. Fluorescence microscopic observations indicated the production of composited nanofibrils and suggested that HA secretion was associated with the cellulose secretory pathway in G. hansenii. The gel-like nanocomposite materials produced by the engineered G. hansenii exhibited superior properties compared with conventional in situ nanocomposites. This genetic engineering approach facilitates the use of G. hansenii for designing integrated cellulose-based nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4709-4719
Number of pages11
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 8 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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