In birds, females are heterogametic (ZW), while males are homogametic (ZZ). It has been proposed that there is no dosage compensation for the expression of Z-linked genes in birds. In order to examine if the genes are inactivated on one of the two Z chromosomes, we analyzed the allelic expression of the B4GALT1 and CHD-Z genes on Z chromosomes in male chickens. One base substitution was detected among 15 chicken breeds and lines examined for each gene, and cross mating was made between the breeds or lines with polymorphism. cDNAs were synthesized from cultured cell colonies each derived from a single cell of an F1 male embryo. The allelic expression of the B4GALT1 gene was examined by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the PCR products digested with RsaI, and that of the CHD-Z gene by the single nucleotide primer extension (SNuPE) method. Both of the genes displayed biallelic expression, suggesting that these Z-linked genes were not subject to inactivation in male chickens. Comparison between expression levels in males and females by real-time quantitative PCR suggested that expression was compensated for the CHD-Zgene but not for the B4GALT1 gene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology