Auxiliary Detection Head for One-Stage Object Detection

Guozheng Jin, Rin Ichiro Taniguchi, Fengzhong Qu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The auxiliary classifier can improve the performance of classification networks. However, the utility of the auxiliary detection head has not been explored in the object detection field. In this paper, we propose an auxiliary detection head to boost the performance of one-stage object detectors. Similar to other detection heads, the auxiliary detection head consists of a classification subnet and a regression subnet, which are essentially two convolution layers. Thus the auxiliary detection head is computationally efficient. Besides, the auxiliary detection head achieves implicit two-step cascaded regression. Specifically, the auxiliary detection head uses its output boxes as anchors for further regression. Within the auxiliary detection head, refinement of object localization corresponds to adjust the positions of its output boxes towards ground truth boxes, which helps the network learn more robust features. At inference, the auxiliary detection head can be removed without any adverse effect on the performance of the main detector head, which benefits from its independence and leads to two advantages: shrink the model size and shorten inference time. The proposed method is evaluated on Pascal VOC and COCO datasets. By incorporating the auxiliary detection head into a state-of-the-art object detector in parallel with the main detection head, we show consistent improvement over its performance on different benchmarks, whereas no extra parameters are introduced at inference time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9086609
Pages (from-to)85740-85749
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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