Automated duplicate bug report detection using multi-factor analysis

Jie Zou, Ling Xu, Mengning Yang, Xiaohong Zhang, Jun Zeng, Sachio Hirokawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)


    The bug reports expressed in natural language text usually suffer from vast, ambiguous and poorly written, which causes the challenge to the duplicate bug reports detection. Current automatic duplicate bug reports detection techniques have mainly focused on textual information and ignored some useful factors. To improve the detection accuracy, in this paper, we propose a new approach calls LNG (LDA and N-gram) model which takes advantages of the topic model LDA and word-based model Ngram. The LNG considers multiple factors, including textual information, semantic correlation, word order, contextual connections, and categorial information, that potentially affect the detection accuracy. Besides, the Ngram adopted in our LNG model is improved by modifying the similarity algorithm. The experiment is conducted under more than 230,000 real bug reports of the Eclipse project. In the evaluation, we propose a new evaluationmetric, namely exact-accuracy (EA) rate, which can be used to enhance the understanding of the performance of duplicates detection. The evaluation results show that all the recall rate, precision rate, and EA rate of the proposed method are higher than treating them separately. Also, the recall rate is improved by 2.96%-10.53% compared to the state-of-art approach DBTM.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1762-1775
    Number of pages14
    JournalIEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Software
    • Hardware and Architecture
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Artificial Intelligence


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