Converting vapor precursors to solid nanostructures via a liquid noble-metal seed is a common vapor deposition principle. However, such a noble-metal-seeded process is excluded from the crystalline halide perovskite synthesis, mainly hindered by the growth mechanism shortness. Herein, powered by a spontaneous exothermic nucleation process (ΔH < 0), the Au-seeded CsPbI3 nanowires (NWs) growth is realized based on a vapor−liquid−solid (VLS) growth mode. It is energetically favored that the Au seeds are reacted with a Pb vapor precursor to form molten Au−Pb droplets at temperatures down to 212 °C, further triggering the low-temperature VLS growth of CsPbI3 NWs. More importantly, this Au-seeded process reduces in-bandgap trap states and consequently avoids Shockley−Read−Hall recombination, contributing to outstanding photodetector performances. Our work extends the powerful Au-seeded VLS growth mode to the emerging halide perovskites, which will facilitate their nanostructures with tailored material properties.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering