Asymmetric six-strand core sutures enhance tendon fatigue strength and the optimal asymmetry

N. Kozono, T. Okada, N. Takeuchi, M. Hanada, T. Shimoto, Y. Iwamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Under cyclic loading, we recorded the fatigue strength of a six-strand tendon repair with different symmetry in the lengths of suture purchase in two stumps of 120 dental rolls and in 30 porcine tendons. First, the strengths of the repairs with 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mm asymmetry were screened using the dental rolls. The asymmetric core suture repairs were then made with a Kessler repair of equal suture purchase (10 mm) in two tendon stumps, and shifting two other Kessler repairs by 1, 3 or 5 mm, respectively, along the longitudinal axis of the tendon in relation to the first (symmetric) Kessler repair. The core repairs with 3 mm or more asymmetry in suture purchases in two tendon ends showed significantly greater fatigue strength and significantly smaller gaps compared with 1 mm asymmetry in core suture repair. Our results support that asymmetric placement of core sutures in two tendon ends favour resisting gapping at the repair site and 3 mm or more asymmetry is needed to produce such beneficial effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-808
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery: European Volume
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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