Association of gait speed with regional brain volumes and risk of dementia in older Japanese: The Hisayama study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To investigate the association of gait speed with regional brain volumes and the risk of incident dementia. Methods: A total of 1112 dementia-free Japanese residents aged ≥65 years who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging were followed for 5.0 years (median). The participants were classified into the age- and sex-specific quartile levels of maximum gait speed. Regional gray matter volumes (GMV) and white matter hyperintensities volumes (WMHV) were measured by applying voxel-based morphometry methods. The cross-sectional association of maximum gait speed with regional GMV was examined using an analysis of covariance. We also estimated the association between maximum gait speed level and the risk of developing dementia using a Cox proportional hazards model. Mediation analyses were conducted to determine the contribution of regional brain volumes to the association between maximum gait speed and dementia. Results: Lower maximum gait speed was significantly associated with lower GMV of the total brain, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, cingulate gyrus, insula, hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebellum, and increased WMHV at baseline. During the follow-up, 108 participants developed dementia. The incidence rate of all dementias increased significantly with decreasing maximum gait speed after adjusting for potential confounders (P for trend = 0.03). The mediating effects of the GMV of the hippocampus, GMV of the insula, and WMHV were significant. Conclusions: Lower maximum gait speed was significantly associated with an increased risk of dementia. Reduced GMV of the hippocampus or insula, and an increase in WMHV was likely to be involved in this association.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104883
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume106
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Association of gait speed with regional brain volumes and risk of dementia in older Japanese: The Hisayama study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this