Background: The association between microscopic hematuria (MH) and albuminuria in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) caused by diabetes and hypertension remains unclear. Methods: The Fukuoka Kidney disease Registry Study is a Japanese multicenter prospective cohort study of 4476 patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD. In this cohort, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 994 patients with diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Patients were divided into three groups according to erythrocyte count in urine sediment [T1: < 5/high power field (HPF); T2: 5–9/HPF; T3: ≥ 10/HPF]. Macroalbuminuria was defined as urinary albumin-creatinine ratio > 300 mg/g. Associations between the degree of MH (T1–T3) and the prevalence of macroalbuminuria were analyzed using logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of macroalbuminuria was 50.8%, 50.4%, and 67.4% in T1 (n = 725), T2 (n = 226), and T3 (n = 43), respectively. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratios for the presence of macroalbuminuria were 0.95 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65–1.39; P = 0.86] and 2.50 (95% CI 1.15–5.47; P = 0.022) for patients in T2 and T3, respectively, compared with patients in T1. Conclusions: MH with erythrocytes ≥ 10/HPF was significantly associated with increased prevalence of macroalbuminuria in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD caused by diabetes and hypertension.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)