Applications of nanosecond laser annealing to fabricating p-n homo junction on ZnO nanorods

T. Shimogaki, T. Ofuji, N. Tetsuyama, K. Okazaki, M. Higashihata, D. Nakamura, H. Ikenoue, T. Asano, T. Okada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Zinc oxide (ZnO) has attracted considerable attension due to its wide applications in particular ultra violet light emitting diode (UV-LED). In addition, the one-dimensional ZnO crystals are quite attractive as building blocks for light emitting devices like laser and LED, because of their high crystallinity and light confinement properties. However, a method for the realization of the stable p-type ZnO has not been well established. In our study, we have investigated the effect of the nanosecond laser irradiation to the ZnO nanorods as an ultrafast melting and recrystallizing process for realization of the p-type ZnO. Fabrication of the p-n homo junction along ZnO nanorods has been demonstrated using phosphorus ion implantation and ns-laser annealing by a KrF excimer laser. Rectifying I-V characteristics attributed to p-n junction were observed from the measurement of electrical properties. In addition, the penetration depth of laser annealed layer was measured by observing cathode luminescence images. Then, it was turned out that high repetition rate laser annealing can anneal ZnO nanorods over the optical-absorption length. In this report, optical, structural, and electrical characteristics of the phosphorus ion-implanted ZnO nanorods annealed by the KrF excimer laser are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxide-Based Materials and Devices IV
Publication statusPublished - May 30 2013
EventOxide-Based Materials and Devices IV - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 3 2013Feb 6 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherOxide-Based Materials and Devices IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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