For the purpose of removal of tritium retained in tungsten (W), pulsed laser irradiation has been applied. The laser light used here was the fourth harmonic of Nd: YAG laser (wavelength; 266 nm, pulse width; 20 ps, pulse frequency; 10 Hz, laser energy up to 3 mJ/pulse). Samples were pure W plates and those saturated with D by D2+ ion implantation at room temperature with using a 2.5 keV ion gun. Released ions and molecules by the laser irradiation were measured by a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOFMS) and a quadrupole mass spectrometer (Q-mass), respectively. Ablation of W was observed by the laser irradiation with a deposited power density above 1.5 × 1011 W/cm2 (3 J/cm2/pulse) (an ablation threshold) and D removals below and above the ablation threshold were quite different. The most effective removal of tritium retained in W could be realized by the pulsed laser irradiation with the power density of just below the ablation threshold.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering