Applicability of seawater as a mixing and curing agent in 4-year-old concrete

Amry Dasar, Dahlia Patah, Hidenori Hamada, Yasutaka Sagawa, Daisuke Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


In certain scenarios, seawater may be the only mixing/curing agent available; hence, it is necessary to optimize conditions for its application in concrete structures. In this study, the applicability of seawater as a mixing and curing agent in 4-year-old mortar cement specimens is evaluated. Unlike previous studies, we focused on evaluating the long-term performance of reinforced mortar specimens exposed to seawater. Specimens comprised ordinary Portland cement (OPC), grand granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS), and reinforced concrete with plain steel, epoxy-coated, or stainless-steel bars; they were subjected to wetting–drying cycles (mimicked for tidal/splash zones) in the laboratory, and the corrosion was evaluated through electrochemical techniques. The results indicate that the effect of seawater on corrosion activity is considerably higher as a curing agent than that as a mixing agent. Further, GGBFS exhibited better performance than OPC; similarly, epoxy-coated and stainless-steel bars exhibited better corrosion resistance than plain steel bars. The results obtained in this study highlight the need to study the application of seawater in concrete mixing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119692
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Applicability of seawater as a mixing and curing agent in 4-year-old concrete'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this