Background. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent paracrine angiogenic factor involved in angiogenesis. We determined whether antisense VEGF transfection can suppress angiogenic activity of a human squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) cell line. Methods. Human SCCHN cell lines were screened for VEGF secretion by ELISA. The highest VEGF secreting cell line was transfected with an antisense VEGF vector. Endothelial cell migration assays were performed using the conditioned medium from the transfected clones. Tumorigenicity assays of the transfectants in nude mice were also performed. Results. Antisense VEGF expression exhibited a 20-fold inhibition of VEGF secretion. The addition of conditioned medium from the antisense clones resulted in 50% reduction of endothelial migration. There was no effect on in vivo tumorigenicity. Conclusions. Antisense VEGF transfection effectively downregulated VEGF secretion from SCCHN cells that had high VEGF secretion. Targeting VEGF expression may be useful for suppressing angiogenesis in head and neck cancer. (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
|Number of pages
|Head and Neck
|Published - Aug 2000
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