Antioxidant enzyme systems in skeletal muscle atrophied by immobilization

H Kondo, M Miura, Y Itokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


To clarify the mechanism of oxidative stress in skeletal muscle atrophied by immobilization, we investigated the change of antioxidant enzyme activities in a typical slow red muscle, the soleus. Atrophied soleus muscles were collected from male Wistar rats (16 weeks old), one ankle joint of which had been immobilized in the fully extended position for 7 days. Also, soleus muscles were collected from intact age-matched rats as control. The activities of Mn-containing superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), Cu,Zn-containing superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD), Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GSHPx), glutathione S-transferase (GST), catalase, and glutathione reductase (GSSGRx) were measured. The activities of Cu,Zn-SOD, GST, and GSSGRx were significantly higher in atrophied muscles, while the others were unchanged. Increased Cu,Zn-SOD and unchanged Mn-SOD levels might reflect increased generation of superoxide anions in the cytoplasm rather than in the mitochondria. Owing to the enhancement of Cu,Zn-SOD and the unaltered Se-GSHPx and catalase activities, hydrogen peroxide is thought to be increased in the cytoplasm. Because there is also an increase of iron in the microsomes of atrophied muscles, the production of hydroxyl radicals, the most aggressive of radicals, might consequently be elevated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-6
Number of pages3
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1993


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